1.A Nouns and Articles


Definite articles

Use definite articles to refer to specific nouns. The equivalent to the English definite article the.
Singular Plural
El (Masculine) Los (Masculine)
La (Femenine) Las (Femenine)

Indefinite articles

Indefinite articles to refer to unspecified persons or things. The equivalent to the English indefinite article, which according to context may mean a, an, or some.
Singular Plural
Un (Masculine) Unos (Masculine)
Una (Femenine) Unas (Femenine)



A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas.

In Spanish all nouns have gender; either masculine or feminine. – All nouns have a gender, which determines the gender of any adjectives or determiners that modify it.

As in English, nouns in Spanish also have a number; singular or plural.

  • Because grammatical gender is fairly arbitrary, it is essential to memorize a noun’s gender along with its spelling and pronunciation.

Nouns for living things

Masculine Feminine
Ending- o Ending -a
El amigo- friend La amiga- female friend
Ending -or Ending -ora
El profesor- professor La profesora- female professor
Ending –ista Ending –ista
El turista- Turist La turista- female turist

Nouns for non-living things

Inanimate objects such as cars are categorized as either masculine or feminine
(there is no neuter gender for Spanish nouns).

Masculine Feminine
Ending – o Ending- a
El libro La casa
Ending -ma Ending -ción
El problema La canción
Ending – s Ending -dad
El país La igualdad




Practice here.


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El Español por el Mundo Copyright © by Gemma Morawski and Ani Alcocer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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